What is the difference in the development of the Modern States, the British and continental European evolution?
The development of modern states in Britain and continental Europe has some similarities, but there are also some key differences. One of the main differences is the role of constitutional monarchy in Britain, as opposed to the absolute monarchy that existed in many European countries during the same period. The Magna Carta, signed in 1215, established the principlethat the monarch's power was limited by law, and this idea of a constitutional monarchy laid the foundation for the development of a parliamentary system of government in Britain. In contrast, many European countries, like France and Spain, had absolute monarchs who held more power, and the development of constitutional government came later in these countries. Another key difference is the development of the nation-state. Britain had a relatively centralized system of government, which helped to create a strong sense of national identity. On the other hand, continental Europe had a more fragmented system of government, with many small states and kingdoms, which led to a more diverse and complex system of government. The development of common law in Britain and the civil law system in continental Europe is also another difference. Common law is based on judicial decisions and custom, whereas civil law is based on a written code. The former is the basis of legal systems in many countries around the world, including England, the United States, and many other countries of the British Commonwealth.In summary, the development of modern states in Britain and continental Europe has similarities in the advancement of constitutional government, but also key differences in the role of constitutional monarchy, the development of the nation-state, and legal systems.
The Glorius Revolution dtermined that the British Parliament had the right to establish taxes on the Colonies. Should it be considered a direct cause of the independence of the United States?
The Glorious Revolution of 1688, also known as the Revolution of 1688, was a significant event in British history that established the principle of parliamentary sovereignty and limited the power of the monarchy. It is considered one of the causes of the independence of the United States because it set the stage for the development of a more centralized and powerful British government. One of the key outcomes of the Glorious Revolution was the passage of the Bill of Rights in 1689, which established the rights and liberties of British citizens, including the right to free speech, freedom of religion, and the right to a fair trial. This bill of rights also influenced the drafting of the United States Constitution, which was based on many of the same principles. The Glorious Revolution also led to the development of a standing army and a centralized system of taxation in Britain. This meant that the British government had the power to raise taxes on the colonies, which was one of the main grievances that led to the American Revolution. The British parliament started to pass laws to tax the American colonies without their consent, this caused discontent and resentment among the colonists, who believed that they should only be taxed by their own elected representatives.In summary, the Glorious Revolution of 1688 was a significant event in British history that established the principle of parliamentary sovereignty and limited the power of the monarchy. It set the stage for the development of a more centralized and powerful British government, and the passage of laws that taxed the colonies without their consent, was one of the main grievances that led to the American Revolution and the independence of the United States.